What is Channel Masking in Photoshop?

Photoshop has so many great image editing options that are used widely to make images from simple to gorgeous.

There are huge editing tools that work differently from each other. Mastering all those photoshop tools can make one professional in photo editing.

With photoshop techniques, you can bring any change to your images that you want to look at. You can easily break down your image by part to part and can access any part to make a change.

Channel masking is another photoshop technique that is applied when you have to adjust any specific area of your picture.

Channel masking is now so familiar as it can adjust the background and other particular parts of an image.

In this article, we would try to gather some information to get a clear view of photoshop channel masking. But it is a matter of fact that, if you are a beginner, you need to have an idea about what is masking and channels in photoshop, at first.

Ok, here I am describing the same below.


What is masking in photoshop?

Image masking is an essential step for every photoshop project like product image editing, magazine, or catalog design.

It is applied to make things subtle and natural. Generally, image masking is known as the process of image background removal.

Masking is required for specific images on which the clipping path doesn’t make a suitable result.

In other words, some complex images aren’t managed well with the clipping path technique. In those issues, masking is helping one to achieve the targeted result.

Image masking is used to hide some portions of an image and also to reveal some portions.

It is a non-destructive and efficient way to image editing. It can isolate any specific portion of an image and can adjust that part if there is any requirement.

There is a different type of image mask available in photoshop. They are,

Layer mask

Most of the people use a layer mask when they talk about photoshop masking. Although it is a powerful tool of photoshop that can easily change the visibility of the layer.

Layer mask helps to cut out some objects that don’t get normally with usual photoshop techniques. Those objects are hair, fur, or rice grains, editors mostly used a layer mask to cut out such kinds of objects from their background.

When a layer mask is applied to a layer, it controls the transparency level of different sections in the image.

With a layer mask, you can easily change the opacity of the whole layer by simply changing it from the layers panel opacity slider.

Clipping mask

A clipping mask is another option of photoshop masking that is used in a layer to dedicate the transparency or visibility of another layer.

When experts work with clipping masks, they place a layer at the bottom of the layer they want to apply the transparency. From the bottom layer, they would have to control the visibility of the layer above.

Clipping mask and layer mask are opposed in the process. In the layer mask, you should have to use black color on the mask to make invisible the pixel of the layer.

But in a clipping mask, the bottom layer has some pixels in that area if you want to keep the top layer opaque or visible.

Alpha channel mask

Alpha channel masking is quite different from another masking type. It deals with operations with lucid or semi-translucent photos.

Alpha channel mask is used when an expert needs to work with complex areas of an image. Those complex objects are hair, fur edges, that need more contribution.

With an alpha channel mask, you can do some hard jobs that cannot be done by other photoshop techniques.

All those masking types have different options and different techniques that are needed to learn before trying. As we are here to discuss the channel masks, we will try to give the process of how to do the channel masks in photoshop here.

Before that, let’s get into the more depth of this photoshop technique. As we know about image masking, it’s time to talk about channels and its function. Let’s start the topic.


What are the channels in photoshop?

Channels are like a photoshop panel that stores information for each color of the image that you open in your Photoshop window.

Photoshop uses channels to specifically store color information about an image. when you open a new image into photoshop, it automatically creates color information channels. The color mode of the image calculates the number of color channels that are needed to be created.

For instance, an RGB image contains three channels for each color red, green, and blue and also a composite channel that is used to edit the image.

CMYK color mode contains four color channels of cyan, magenta, yellow and black.

There are various types of channels available in photoshop like,

·         Color channels

·         Alpha channel

·         Load channel

·         Save channel

 

You should have a better knowledge of them all if you want to work with channels in photoshop. If I start to describe all channels, we would get distracted from our topic that might harm the attention of our readers.

So, unless doing this, we should need to talk about the key part of the article and that is what is a channel mask in photoshop.

What are the advantages of using a channel mask?

Channel mask is the most time-consuming photoshop process that will let you make a selection in any image more subtly.

As we knew about channels and masking in photoshop, we have gathered the basic knowledge of this and now we should go for the details.

A Channel mask is used to select any part of the image accurately and define the selection part by its contrast.

A Channel mask is very helpful to merge two or three into a single frame. There are times when we need to attach several images to get a clear visual theme. Channel masking helps a lot in such a situation to get rid of and results in a great composition of art.

Here I am including some great advantages that would get with a channel mask in photoshop.

To make a selection for a difficult image area

Channel masking is very helpful to make a selection in difficult image areas like hair, tree, etc.

There are some photographs especially for glamour and model photographs, where the editor would have ordered to change some specific portions of color like hair.

In photo editing, hair is the distracting part to select. But using a channel mask, it is as easy as to drink a glass of water.

To merge several image parts in a single frame

When you are working with a channel mask, you don’t have tension with image materials. That means you can cut out image portions from different images and can add all of these in a single frame.

In this way, you can easily make seamless artwork by collecting your art material from different sources and adding them to an exact one.

Photo retouching


Some complex image retouching requires channel masking in some specific parts of the image.

When retouching a glamour photograph, the channel mask is applied onto the hair part of the image to make the best selection of the hair part.

Also, product photo editing needs a channel masking if the product has furry objects in it.

If those fur or hairy objects aren't taken with channel masking, then it may look unnatural in the final destination of the image.

So, it is clear that channel masking is a very important photoshop technique that can help you to solve some complicated image problems.

Though channel masking is quite hard to gain and a time-consuming process, mastering it will advantage you a lot for sure.

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